Tuesday, November 01, 2011: 02:49:11 PM

Thermoplastic Materials: Properties, Manufacturing Methods and Applications

Author: Christopher C. Ibeh,

Published On: April, 2011

Publisher: CRC Press


Write-up: Practical and affordable, thermoplastics account for more than 90 percent of all plastic materials manufactured. That so many varieties are now available, speaks to the idea that while there is no one perfect material, it is possible to find a material that fits for every application. However, selecting that right material is no small challenge.

Answering the needs of manufacturers and product developers, Thermoplastic Materials: Properties, Manufacturing Methods, and Applications provides all the information required to confidently select the right thermoplastic for any application. Based on a course taught to engineering students, the book starts with an overview of the plastics industry, looking at the major companies involved and how their products influence society. It then discusses various topics essential to the understanding and manufacturing of thermoplastics before getting to the core of the book, more than 400 pages of consistently formatted entries, organized according to 19 thermoplastics families and groupings. Each chapter covers raw materials, manufacturing methods, properties, costs and applications.

Among many topics related to thermoplastic resins, this seminal work:
• Provides micro and quasi-macro perspectives on their behaviour.
• Evaluates major manufacturing methods.
• Discusses crystallinity and permeability.
• Elaborates on the properties that make them useful barrier and packaging materials.

This book goes beyond current practices to look at emerging materials, including nanocomposites, and discusses sustainability as it relates to plastics. It also includes a chapter on functionalised thermoplastics, written by Andrey Beyle.

• Discusses the driving force behind the high growth rate of the plastics industry.
• Examines how polymer composition and microstructure determine the properties of plastics.
• Shows how crystallinity is a source of strength in thermoplastics.
• Describe the effect of molecular weight on the processing of thermoplastics.
• Categorises thermoplastics as general purpose, quasicommodity, engineering or speciality.
• Explores the roles of raw materials and polymerization processes in the characteristics of thermoplastics.

Table of Contents:
• Introduction and history of the plastics industry
• Raw materials and their sources: ‘The Plastics Tree’
• Basic structures and characteristics of polymers and plastics
• Molecular weight of polymers
• Polymerisation (Resinification) methods
• Crystallinity and crystallisation in polymers and plastics
• Classification of thermoplastics
• Permeability and environmental-stress-cracking resistance of thermoplastics: barrier properties and packaging applications of polymers
• Polyolefins: polyethylene, polypropylene and their copolymers
• Polypropylene
• Olefin copolymers of ethylene and propylene
• The Vinyls: PVC and copolymers
• Polystyrene and copolymers
• Acrylic (Acrylate) family
• Polyester family
• Nylon (Polyamide) family
• Polycarbonates
• Polyacetals
• Polyphenylene sulfides
• Fluorocarbons (teflon family)
• Liquid crystalline polymers
• Polysulfones
• Polyimide family
• Polyphenylene oxide
• Cellulosics
• Functionalised thermoplastic and elastomers
• Plastics nanocomposites
• Plastics and sustainability: a life cycle cost analysis approach

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